Who is developing Codling Wind Park Offshore wind farm?
The Project is being developed by Codling Wind Park Ltd (CWPL), a joint venture partnership between Fred Olsen Renewables (FOR) and EDF Renewables (EDFR).
Individually, both FOR and EDFR have strong track records across the renewables sector and jointly, as Codling Wind Park Ltd they have created a partnership to deliver a commercial scale offshore wind farm.
Where will the offshore wind farm be located?
The wind farm will be located to the east of the shallow sand bank known as Codling Bank, approximately 13 kilometres off the east coast of Ireland, between Greystones and Wicklow, and benefitting from the favourable conditions for offshore wind off the east coast of Ireland.
The closest towns of Kilcoole and Greystones are both situated some 14.8 km from the wind farm area and Wicklow is situated 17 km to the southwest.
We are currently undertaking technical, environmental, socio-economic and commercial studies to determine the maximum installed capacity of Codling Wind Park. Subject to the consenting process we anticipate that Codling Wind Park will be constructed in the mid 2020’s.
The Codling Wind Park site was first identified in 1999 when Fred Olsen Renewables Limited initiated a search around the whole of the Irish coast for potential offshore wind development sites within Ireland’s Territorial Waters. After careful consideration of the technical, physical and environmental criteria, the area around the Codling Bank was considered to be an ideal location for the development of a commercial scale offshore wind project.
Following several years undertaking a range of offshore surveys, studies and stakeholder engagement CWPL made an application for a Foreshore Lease under the Foreshore Act (1933). In November 2005 the Minister for the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources (DCMNR) granted CWPL a foreshore lease for a project up to 1.1GW in size.
In 2009 an application was submitted to DCMNR for a second phase of development for CWP. At the time this area was referred to as the CWP Extension and aimed to expand the development area a further 1GW.
Over the coming months and years the CWP Project Team will be undertaking more surveys and studies to update the environmental data already collected from previous survey campaigns across the site. More surveys will be carried out across the project site to assess the ground conditions, measure the wind resource, update the environmental data we have already collected, along with surveys along the proposed export cable route corridors to a number of landfall options.
We will also be undertaking surveys onshore and these will take place when we have a better understanding of our proposed grid connection point.
The studies and surveys are required to finalise the design and layout of the project and undertake the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Habitats Regulation Assessment (HRA) to achieve the consent necessary to build the Project.
Yes. As we plan for further work across the project site we will also be contacting, meeting and consulting with a wide range of stakeholders and marine users, including, fishermen, coastal community groups, councillors, recreational groups, navigation and shipping interests and many more!
We will be engaging with stakeholders during key stages of the project and in a range of different ways. We will also be considering the infrastructure needs, for example, grid connection requirements, as well as ports for installation and operations and maintenance activities; onshore activities are just as critical to the Project as the offshore elements.
We look forward to engaging with as many interested parties as we can as we continue to develop our plans.
The Project area is 123 km². The foreshore lease granted for Codling Wind Park (in 2005) and the CWPE application (in 2009) identified a combined maximum total energy output of up to 2.1 GW. The final MW output of the CWP is not currently determined and is subject to further detailed environmental, technical and engineering design work including consideration of grid and turbine technologies, and future developments. The Project will also require cable routes to export the electricity from offshore to an onshore grid connection point.
Significant advances in turbine technology combined with considerable cost reductions in the cost of energy from offshore wind means that CWP can be developed as one project with a much reduced number of turbines than originally planned, while optimising the site to deliver the maximum installed capacity.
Ireland published its Climate Action Plan (CAP) in 2019. The Plan clearly recognises that Ireland must significantly step up its commitments to tackle climate disruption and that early action on climate is fundamental to achieving its decarbonisation goals.
The CAP sets out Ireland’s ambition to cut CO² emissions in the electricity sector by two-thirds and increase the renewable energy share of electricity demand to 70 per cent by 2030 from its current 35 per cent.
Through the CAP, Ireland has stated that it wants at least 3.5GW from offshore wind to assist in the delivery of its “70 by 30” targets.
Ireland is implementing a marine management reform process to provide a modern legislative and regulatory regime for the management of its extensive Maritime Area. Particular aspects of this new management regime relevant to offshore wind farms include forward planning through the National Marine Planning Framework (NMPF), a new State consent regime covering the Maritime Area a new development consent (planning permission) regime for offshore development, including Offshore Renewable Energy (under. the new Marine Planning and Development Management Bill, MPDM).
This new regime has been developed it the context of a number of EU legislative requirements as well as National marine planning policy requirements (including Marine Spatial Planning and a comprehensive regime for the Exclusive Economic Zone and continental shelf).
Climate change is a central consideration throughout the draft NMPF (published 2020). It looks at climate change from two perspectives; how actions under the plan may help mitigate climate change and how actions under the plan need to be adapted to take account of the effects of climate change. The NMPF sets out a number of overarching policies that will apply to all marine activities or development as well as sectoral policies for a range of key activities including Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE).
For ORE the NMPF supports the establishment of Ireland as a world leader in ORE deployment and the decarbonisation journey through increased use of ORE while delivering socio-economic benefits for local communities, providing enhanced security of supply and delivering development through robust regulatory practices.
It is essential that Ireland’s marine planning system effectively enables the development of offshore wind in keeping with the objectives of the Climate Action Plan.
Coastal Wildlife Surveys
Razorbill and kittiwake - just two of the species regularly seen in the area